Prednisone belongs to the class of drugs known as steroids, and it is used as a treatment for various conditions, including arthritis, ulcerative colitis, breathing disorders, psoriasis, skin conditions and allergic disorders. Prednisone can also be used to treat Crohn’s disease, asthma, lymphoma, leukemia and sarcoidosis.
Benefits Of Prednisone
• Reduces swelling
• Alleviates itching
• Reduces redness & other allergy symptoms
• Decreases inflammation
• Prevents & treats rejection in organ transplantation
How It Works
Prednisone is a synthetic compound that works by preventing white blood cells in the body from releasing certain substances that cause inflammation. The drug is very similar to cortisol that is naturally produced in the body. Prednisone acts as an immunosuppressant to manage diseases related to the immune system or inflammatory conditions.
You should always take prednisone according to your doctor’s instructions. Never take a higher dose than your prescription or take it for a longer time period. Your doctor may alter your dosage of steroid medication if you suffer a fever, infection or serious illness. You should also use a special dose-measuring cup or spoon if you are taking liquid prednisone. Don’t stop taking the medication suddenly or you may experience symptoms of withdrawal.
Possible Side Effects
Possible short-term side effects of taking prednisone include high blood glucose levels, particularly with individuals who are taking medications such as tacrolimus that increase blood glucose or who suffer from diabetes mellitus. Patients may also experience euphoria, hypertension, anorexia, high blood sugar levels, nausea or depression. Taking prednisone for a long period of time may lead to adrenal suppression. Other possible long-term side effects include type II diabetes mellitus, osteoporosis, weight gain, Cushing’s syndrome and glaucoma.